Recent research topics
1. Economic Growth and Development
2. Demographic Economics
3. Environmental and Resource Economics
My research stand on micro-foundation macroeconomic models with particularly focuses on environment, demography, and long-run economic development. I have shown how geographical factors and environmental/climate conditions affect the long-run economic development. Additionally, I developed environmental policies and governance of inter-generational social contracts to overcome environment-related poverty traps and to improve welfare across generations. I recently explored, theoretically and empirically, the role of the declining gender gap in education in the demographic transition and the emergence of modern economic growth. Specifically, I develop a unified growth model that captures and interconnects the key empirical features of the demographic transition, the decline in gender gap in education, and the transition to sustained growth across less-developed economies.
My current research aims to integrate two important topics, environment and demography, in which I particularly consider the most vulnerable
regions to climate change, e.g. Sub-Sahara Africa. I investigate the persistent effects of climate and climate change on the speed of demographic transition, and hence on the sizes of population. These effects can be transmitted through the interactions between income/education gender gap within family, fertility, and locally
natural environment and resources, under which the demographic transition is delayed. Indeed, climate change damages the local resources, thus affects biasedly to women in least developed regions, requiring them to spend more time in collecting essential resources, e.g. clean water and fired-wood, for their families’ daily lives. Hence,
the gender gap in education/income is upheld, delaying the decline in fertility and creating a population momentum. The bigger population, in turn, degrades resource and environment through (unclean) production. These interplays, under the persistent effects of climate change, may generate the slow demographic transition and the economic stagnation in least developed regions.
Understanding the mechanisms from these research may be important in designing policies towards multiple sustainable development goals.